Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami Response (MDRID013) – Final Evaluation: Executive Summary – Indonesia
Three separate disasters caused major damage and loss of life and property in Indonesia between July and December 2018. The first was a series of earthquakes – some of which reached magnitude seven on the Richter scale – which struck the islands of Lombok and Sumbawa, from July to August 2018. The IFRC allocated an initial amount of CHF 500,000 from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to enable the National Society Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) to respond to priority humanitarian needs in the most affected areas. In August 2018, an emergency appeal was launched for an amount of 8.9 million francs to enable the PMI to help some 20,000 households.
A series of strong earthquakes also hit the Central Sulawesi province on September 28, 2018, the strongest of which measured a magnitude of 7.4, with the epicenter at Donggala Regency, near the provincial capital, Palu. The earthquake triggered a tsunami that reached three meters in some places. Both events, combined with subsequent liquefaction and landslides, caused significant loss of life and damage.
Finally, on December 22, 2018, another tsunami hit Carita Beach in Banten Province and the coast around the Sunda Strait, specifically in the districts of Pandeglang, South Lampung and Serang. Together, the three disasters caused damage amounting to more than 1.6 billion francs. The IFRC has allocated CHF 750,000 from its DREF for the Sulawesi response, bringing the total DREF advance to CHF 1.25 million for Lombok and Sulawesi. In addition, the emergency appeal1 was revised to 22 million francs to integrate the response in Sulawesi, allowing PMI to provide assistance to a total of 40,000 households – 20,000 in Lombok and Sulawesi. Overall, the emergency appeal aimed to raise 38.5 million Swiss francs to assist 280,000 people (70,000 households) who were affected by the three disasters. The call was originally scheduled to be completed on February 28, 2021, but was extended to September 30, 2021, eventually covering a total of 37 months.
Acting as the government-mandated lead agency for the Movement in all three operations, PMI worked with the IFRC and ICRC as well as Partner National Societies (PNS) in the country, the latter including the American Red Cross, Qatar Red Cross, Turkish Red Crescent, Japanese Red Cross and German Red Cross. Bilateral support was also provided to this operation by other National Societies, including Singapore Red Cross, Turkish Red Crescent, Malaysian Red Crescent, Kuwait Red Crescent, German Red Cross , the Hong Kong branch of the Red Cross Society of China and the Qatar Red Crescent. .
The technical expertise available to the operation through the IFRC country cluster delegation included disaster management, risk management, health, water, sanitation and hygiene, development of national society, protection, gender and inclusion (PGI), communications, community engagement and accountability (CEA) and support services in planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting, finance, logistics, human resources and administration.
The International Committee of the Red Cross supported the establishment of a Restoring Family Links hotline system in addition to providing assistance to the PMI and a country-wide ECA technical working group. Nationally established movement to manage community feedback and complaints received via social media.