Indonesia: Lombok Earthquake Emergency Action Plan, Operation Update # 2 (MDRID013) – Indonesia
Description of the disaster
Since the first 6.4 magnitude earthquake that struck Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia on Sunday, July 29, 2018, four more earthquakes and several aftershocks over the past month have affected districts of North Lombok, East Lombok, West Lombok, Central Lombok and Mataram in addition to the islands of Bali and Sumbawa, to a lesser extent. According to BPNB, as of August 17, the multiple disasters left 483 dead, 1,413 injured and 431,416 displaced.
According to BNPB reports dated August 17, which do not include data from the last earthquakes of August 19, the damage to infrastructure is as follows:
Main roads were also damaged, leading to difficulties in accessing some of the affected areas, as well as disruption of communication lines in some affected areas. Information on the impact of the latest earthquakes on Sumbawa Island is not yet available. A major challenge in verifying the numbers includes the multiple earthquakes and the resulting additional damage, with assessments to be carried out repeatedly as the number of collapsed buildings and people affected increases, also matching needs. additional.
The government of the western province of Nusa Tenggara extended the state of disaster at the provincial level until August 25, following the multiple earthquakes and their impact. BNPB said there was no request for international assistance, with the Indonesian government declaring it a disaster at the provincial level.
Summary of the current response
Presentation of the host National Society
PMI has been on the ground from the start, deploying more than 450 volunteers during the last month of August to support search, rescue and recovery efforts, provide immediate assistance, undertake assessments, provide field kitchen and medical services, support the construction of emergency shelters. and provide clean water. In addition, key staff from PMI’s country headquarters with the IFRC immediately deployed to the field to support and accelerate the initial response.
Additional volunteers and staff were also mobilized and deployed to nine other provinces to support the response. Since the start of the first earthquake on July 29, PMI has distributed more than 4.3 million liters of drinking water to ten sub-districts, provided psychosocial support to 6,827 people, built 1,423 emergency shelters in to date, provided emergency medical services to 6,048 people and delivered 14,917 hot meals.
Overview of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in the country
PMI works with the IFRC and the ICRC as well as the American, Australian and Japanese Red Cross Societies in the country. All of these partners coordinate with PMI to find out how and where they can provide support.
The IFRC has a Country Group Support Team (CCST) for Indonesia and Timor-Leste, consisting of an office manager and technical capacity in disaster management, health, water, sanitation and hygiene. , development of the national society (including PGI), communication, community engagement and responsibility (CEA) and support services in finance, human resources and administration. National partner societies present include the American Red Cross, Australian Red Cross and Japanese Red Cross. The ICRC is also present in the country to support the establishment of a telephone assistance system for restoring family links (RFL). received on social networks. Information sharing and coordination meetings, usually led by PMI, have taken place since the first earthquake. A proactive approach will be maintained in engaging with international media so that the Red Cross response is well presented and resource mobilization efforts are sustained. The CCST is also called upon to provide financial support to enable the mobilization of personnel and supplies by PMI.
Movement coordination meetings were held with partners and the ICRC to discuss the response to date and how best to support the ongoing efforts of the National Society in a coordinated manner. Bilateral offers of support from sister national societies, including the Singapore Red Cross, Turkish Red Crescent and Qatar Red Crescent, have been extended, with a clear request from PMI that all offers be coordinated by the IFRC. The PMI Lombok chapter coordinated closely with local government and other stakeholders regularly in the field and consolidated the assessment report and response strategy and identified gaps.
The American Red Cross has confirmed that US $ 40,000 can be allocated for emergency assistance (cost of replenishing stocks and mobilizing regional warehouses as designated by the USAID / OFDA Logistics Readiness Project Fund ), completing the support of this operation since the start of the first earthquake. The Australian and American Red Crosses are also supporting ongoing operations with human resources mobilized from their teams in Jakarta in coordination with the IFRC.
Overview of non-CRCR actors in the country
PMI and the IFRC are coordinating with the BNPB and the Ministry of Social Affairs (MOSA) on the humanitarian impact caused by the earthquake. PMI is also coordinating closely with the District Health Office (DHO) to obtain up-to-date information on the immediate medical needs of injured people, especially those in need of additional medical assistance.
At the country level, the IFRC participates in the meetings of the Humanitarian Country Team chaired by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) held in both disaster and non-emergency periods. In collaboration with MOSA, the national cluster manager, PMI and the IFRC, as co-managers, launched the first shelter cluster coordination meeting on July 30 at the national level to share information on the current results of the rapid assessment, joint needs assessment plan, government response plan, gap analysis and potential support from other organizations and cluster coordination mechanism at all levels. Additional support for the coordination of the shelter cluster is still under discussion.
PMI also attends national cluster coordination meetings when possible, and the IFRC maintains contact and shares information with the ASEAN Coordination Center for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Center), of which PMI has an integrated member. in the ASEAN Emergency Response and Assessment Team (ASEAN ERAT).
Finally, PMI and the IFRC are also coordinating with certain actors in the field, in particular Télécoms Sans Frontières and community radio groups, to improve communication efforts with affected communities.