Indonesia: Lombok Earthquakes, Emergency Action Plan Update (EPoA) # MDRID013 – Indonesia
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Since the first 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia on July 29, 2018, four more earthquakes and multiple aftershocks have hit the districts of North Lombok, East Lombok, West Lombok , Central Lombok, Mataram and Sumbawa island, in addition to the island of Bali. The Indonesian National Council for Disaster Management (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana or BNPB) has reported more than 564 deaths and nearly 150,000 houses damaged due to earthquakes.
Another magnitude 5.8 earthquake rocked the island of Lombok, west of Nusa Tenggara, on March 17, 2019, with a depth of 19 km and followed in a few minutes by another magnitude 5.2 earthquake with a depth of 10 km and an epicenter located east of Lombok. The earthquake was strongly felt in Lombok West, Lombok North, Lombok East, and moderately in Lombok Central and Mataram. No tsunami warning has been issued by the authorities; however, the people of Lombok panicked and were evacuated to the nearest heights.
On March 18, 2019, joint PMI / FICR teams visited the districts of North Lombok and East Lombok for a more in-depth damage and needs assessment. A newsletter was published on March 22. The conclusions of the evaluation did not reflect the major needs. PMI, supported by the IFRC, provided assistance to affected families without the need to revise the emergency action plan.
COVID-19 Pandemic On April 13, 2020, the government declared a state of emergency for COVID-19 as an unnatural disaster in Indonesia. The number of confirmed cases has continued to increase significantly since the announcement of the first two cases in March 2020. Based on data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health as of April 30, 2020, 9,771 people have tested positive, including 784 fatal cases. On March 10, 2020, the Indonesian Ministry of Health activated 132 referral hospitals in 33 provinces for the management of COVID-19 cases. The government has also established an emergency hospital for the quarantine and treatment of COVID-19 on Galang Island in the Riau Islands province.
The declaration allows the government to invoke powers to facilitate the entry of international aid, as well as to generate or allocate funds to respond to the pandemic. The president also formed the COVID-19 Acceleration Working Group, with the head of the BNPB (National Disaster Management Agency) leading the working group. The BNBP declared a 91-day emergency status on the pandemic from February 29 until May 29, 2020. Working groups have also been set up for 25 provinces, of which 11 provinces have declared a status of emergency. emergency. The task force is responsible for leading prevention, response and recovery activities, as well as employing experts to support responses. The working group is also required to consult the policy plan with the head of the national working group.
On March 16, 2020, the Ministry of the Interior issued a temporary restriction on the export of antiseptics, materials for the manufacture of masks and personal protective equipment (PPE). On April 3, 2020, the Ministry of Health issued guidelines regarding large-scale social restrictions (Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, PSBB). The guidelines restrict public activities in some provinces affected by COVID-19. The regulation also became the basis for the closure of schools and offices; restrictions on religious activities in common areas, activities in public spaces and facilities, social and cultural activities; limitation of public transport modes and private vehicles; and other restrictions on defense and security aspects. On April 10, Jakarta, with the highest number of positive cases in Indonesia, became the first province to implement the PSBB. On April 21, the government also banned the traditional “Mudik” or the mass exodus of people to the provinces of origin, from April 24, 2020 until June.
Indonesia’s 34 provinces have all identified positive cases with the first five highest numbers being in DKI provinces of Jakarta, West Java, Banten, East Java and Central Sulawesi.
Nusa Tenggara Barat Province (NTB) is one of the emergency red zone provinces due to the COVID-19 virus.
Projecting the number of infected patients in the province will help the government adopt practical policies and prevent problems that may arise from this virus.
The provincial health office coordinates with health posts in ports and ports as well as with the provincial tourism office for regular monitoring of people entering and leaving the province, especially those arriving from countries / provinces with cases. confirmed. The Corona Crisis Center was established and based in the NTB Governor’s Office and acts as a COVID-19 public information center. Thermal scanners have been made available at all entry points such as Lombok Airport and seaports.
The government at the provincial and district level has imposed stricter restrictions to reduce the risk of the spread of the COVID19 disease by issuing several circular letters addressed to the entire community. The NTB government has urged the entire NTB community to cease and participate in any social, cultural and religious activities of the masses in all public places. All air, land and sea transport lines entering the NTB and between Lombok and the Sumbawa Islands were closed from April 24 to June 1, 2020. A curfew from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. has been declared.