Lombok earthquake impact: 436 deaths and economic losses of over IDR 5.04 trillion – Indonesia
The death toll from the magnitude 7 earthquake that struck Nusa Tenggara and Bali continues to rise. As of Monday, August 13, 2018), the earthquake killed 436 people. The distribution: Lombok Utara 374 dead, Lombok Barat 37 dead, the city of Mataram 9 dead Lombok Timur 12 dead, Lombok Tengah 2 dead and the city of Denpasar 2 dead. Data for 436 deaths come from the village chief and the village police. The data that has been verified with the death certificate shows 259 deaths. The rest is still being processed by the civil status agency of each regency. Most of the deaths are caused by collapsing buildings.
There are 1,353 injured, of which 783 are seriously injured and 570 are lightly injured. The largest number of injured is in Lombok Utara with 640 people. Lombok Utara is the most affected area due to its proximity to the epicenter.
The number of displaced people fluctuates. This is because many displaced communities return to their homes or gardens to work. At night, they return to the evacuation centers. There are also displaced people who have returned to their homes. Based on data from the Lombok earthquake command post, as of August 13, 2018, there are 352,793 displaced people. The breakdown is as follows: Lombok Lombok Utara 137,182 people, Lombok Barat 118,818 people, Lombok Timur 78,368 people, and the city of Mataram 18,368 people. In general, the displaced community that evacuates to open land or fields remains in tents established by BNPB, TNI, Polri, the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing, the local government, NGOs. and others. Data collection is still ongoing. Most of the displaced communities return to evacuation centers in the evening or at night.
Evacuation of victims trapped in rubble or landslides is underway, carried out by the joint SAR team. The distribution of relief items to the displaced community also continues, targeting all areas affected by the earthquake. Clean water is distributed using water tanks. More water tanks and standpipes are set up in evacuation centers.
The biggest problem in distribution is damaged and broken roads. The transport of relief items also faces difficulties as many communities remain in the hard-to-reach hills. In addition, many available roads are congested. To cope with this, BNPB, TNI and Basarnas are deploying three helicopters to help with distribution, especially in isolated areas. Current needs are currently tents, blankets, ready-to-eat meals, tarpaulins, toilets, potable water, communication lines, lighting / electricity, a logistics vehicle and electricity. other basic needs.
The economic impact of the earthquake is enormous. The Assistant for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of the BNPB continues to calculate the damage and losses due to the earthquake, both for the magnitude 6.4 earthquake of July 29, 2018 and the magnitude 7 earthquake of August 5, 2018 Preliminary calculations indicate that the economic damage from the earthquake is over IDR 5.04 trillion. This is only a temporary number based on data available as of August 9, 2018. The impact is estimated to be over IDR 5.04 trillion.
The loss is calculated on the basis of the damage caused to housing at IDR 3,820 billion, to infrastructure at IDR 7.5 billion, to the productive economy at IDR 432.7 billion, socio-cultural at IDR 716.5 billion IDR and cross-sector to 61.9 billion IDR. The most significant damage and loss comes from the housing sector, as tens of thousands of houses are badly damaged, some completely damaged.
Ranked by territory, the highest losses were suffered by Lombok Utara, which suffered losses of IDR 2.7 trillion. Lombok Utara suffered a loss of IDR 2.7 trillion, Lombok barat to IDR 1.5 trillion, Lombok Tengah IDR 174.4 billion and the city of Mataram to IDR 242.1 billion . The estimate of the impact on Bali is still being calculated.
This damage and loss is enormous. When all the data is collected, it is possible that the number will be much higher. It takes billions of rupees to carry out rehabilitation and reconstruction. It will also take time to return to normal life and rebuild NTB’s economy. The central government will continue to support the people and the government of NTB. This support will not only be for the emergency period, but also to help with rehabilitation and reconstruction. Most of the aid will come from the central government. The magnitude of the impact is already at the national level. This means that national capacity must be mobilized for the emergency response, whether for personnel, budget support, logistics, equipment and management.
BNPB continues to collect data and assess the economic impact of the disaster. When the emergency period is over, we will enter the rehabilitation and reconstruction phase. The BNPB, in collaboration with other ministries / agencies and GNO, will rebuild the province on the principle of building back better and safer. This means that NTB will be better and more secure. Lombok is very prone to earthquakes, that is why the reconstruction will have to take into account the possibility of another earthquake, so that when it does occur, the damage and loss can be minimal and the community will be more sure.
Sutopo Purwo Nugroho
Head of Data Information and Public Relations Center BNPB